Ageing And Employment Policies Czech Republic: Czech by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

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Keeping out of unemployment is essential for older workers since an increasing number of them risk being unemployed for longer durations and, consequently, may eventually become marginalised from the labour market. AGEING AND EMPLOYMENT POLICIES: CZECH REPUBLIC– ISBN-92-64-01661-9 © OECD 2004 46 – CHAPTER 2. 7. 3 10 12 14 16 a) Long-term unemployment is defined as one year or longer (as a percentage of total declared durations). b) Data for Australia, Japan and the United States refer to individuals aged 25-54 and 55-64, respectively.

It was not until 1997 that unemployment rates began to rise – peaking in 2000. 3%, the lowest rate since 1998. However, the recessionary period was particularly unfavourable 10. Compared to a gap of more than 23 percentage points each in 1993. AGEING AND EMPLOYMENT POLICIES: CZECH REPUBLIC– ISBN-92-64-01661-9 © OECD 2004 CHAPTER 2. CURRENT LABOUR MARKET SITUATION OF OLDER WORKERS – 45 towards women, especially older women. 4% in 2002. 4%, down from its peak of 7% the year before. 6. Unemployment rates by age and gender, 1993-2002 Percentages 25-49 Women 50-64 Women 25-49 Men 50-64 Men 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 0 0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Source: OECD (2003), Labour Force Statistics, 1982-2002.

3 The expected increase in total public expenditures associated with population ageing is not restricted to pension schemes. It has been argued that steady increases in the average age of a population will increase care needs and health care costs, with large impacts on health care systems. OECD estimates that in the Czech Republic, if spending by age group remains stable, population ageing could increase health and long-term care expenditures by as much as 2 percentage points of GDP over the next 50 years.

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