A New Approach to Religious Orientation: The by Stephen W. Krauss

By Stephen W. Krauss

The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex (CRC) version of non secular orientation is brought and the implications from a chain of version trying out experiments are reviewed. The CRC version was once constructed via a sequence of experiences within the usa and Romania and used to be created to be able to decrease the theoretical and empirical problems linked to the conventional Allportian spiritual orientation types and measures. towards this finish, the problems linked to the Allportian spiritual orientation types are reviewed, in addition to how the CRC version makes an attempt to handle them. subsequent, the CRC version is brought and an inventory of its predictions are given and in comparison to these of the Allportian versions. the result of 10 version checking out reports utilizing multidimensional scaling are then reviewed. In those experiences, the CRC version, which posits that each one non secular orientation should be situated alongside dimensions of dedication (importance) and reflectivity (complexity), is located to be extra exact than the Allportian types in either the U.S. and Romania. in accordance with those reports, the that means and interpretation of the Allportian measures are reviewed and new interpretations are recommended. finally, the relationships among spiritual orientation, psychological healthiness, character, ideology, and prejudice are explored. In each sector, the CRC version, and the measures in keeping with it, express stronger predictive talents to standard methods in either the USA and Romania.

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Extra resources for A New Approach to Religious Orientation: The Commitment-Reflectivity Circumplex

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Krauss and Ralph W. Hood, Jr. closely related concepts for Allport. Authoritarianism, at that time, was thought to be rooted in unconscious fears and feelings of insecurity, and was the biggest known predictor of prejudice (Adorno et al. 2 In addition, because of these unconscious fears, authoritarians were known to have a tendency toward religious fanaticism and were, by definition, extrinsically motivated in religion (Allport, 1950, p. 58-59; see also Allport, 1966a, 1966b, 1966c). Allport was therefore faced with the question of how to VHSDUDWH WKH H[WULQVLFDOO\ PRWLYDWHG ELJRWHG ³]HDORW´ IURP WKH intrinsically motivated, tolerant believer.

Only one attempt has been made to render the religious orientation scales usable by nonreligious respondents. Maltby and Lewis (1996) first attempted WRPDNHDQHDUO\YHUVLRQRI*RUVXFK¶V,E age universal scales (Gorsuch 1983) usable by nonreligious 46 Stephen W. Krauss and Ralph W. Hood, Jr. populations. Later, Maltby and Day (1998) tried to do the same with Q. Maltby attempted to make the scales usable by nonreligious respondents by making two changes. First, he changed the instructions of the measures so that the participants were asked whether each statement applied to the respondent.

In essence, this approach was formed by a group of researchers that use the measurement paradigm to its full extent, and who came to an informal consensus on the way religious orientation should be studied and what aspects of religious orientation should be studied. More specifically, researchers from this approach can be distinguished from those of the general measurement paradigm because of their informal agreement on: 1) the preferred focus of the study of religious orientation (motivation), 2) the best measures (variants of the I and E scales), and 3) their proper interpretation (intrinsic and extrinsic motivation).

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