A History of Christian Doctrine: Volume 1, The Post by David K. Bernard

By David K. Bernard

Booklet through Bernard, David ok.

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Extra resources for A History of Christian Doctrine: Volume 1, The Post Apostolic Age to the Middle Ages A.D. 100 - 1500

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And leading Christian writers of the second and third centuries condemned them as heretics. The Ebionites The first group we will discuss is the Ebionites. They were Jewish Christians who continued to hold to their Jewish culture and identity so much that it affected their understanding of the gospel. It appears that their name came from a Hebrew word meaning “poor” and was applied to them because many of the early Jewish Christians were poor. ) Of course, Christianity began among the Jews; all the apostles were Jewish.

Flavius Justinus, or Justin, by far the most influential and prolific Greek Apologist. Justin was born in a Roman colony in Samaria and became a Greek philosopher. After his conversion to Christianity he traveled as a lay preacher, but he was never ordained as a minister. He continued to call himself a philosopher and to wear the philosopher’s cloak. He resided in Rome on two different occasions and was ultimately beheaded there for his faith. Later writers often surnamed him Philosopher and Martyr.

But they did defend themselves in writing against pagan accusations and objections. There was a need to respond publicly to correct the scandalous rumors. More substantially, there was a need to explain the doctrines of Christianity in order to defend it against pagan philosophical attacks. The Greek Apologists sought to do just that. They wrote to dispel false accusations, to show that Christianity promoted a superior morality, and to demonstrate intellectually that it was the truth. In trying to present Christianity to pagans, the Apologists drew extensively from Greek philosophy, which was the common intellectual ground upon which practically everyone in their society could meet.

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